In the 1950s, the aggressive croton phenol-based peels became mainstream and were widely used as they helped to disfigure the acne scars and deep wrinkles. These Chemical Peels have evolved a lot since then. Back then the required heavy sedation but now they can be done easily within an hour. They work by deeply exfoliating the layers of skin. The chemical peels injure the skin and flake off to reveal smooth, clear and younger-looking skin. Pigmentation, irregularities on the skin, acne-prone skin and other skin problems are targeted by this treatment. The various kinds of chemical peels which are available have been discussed below:
Glycolic Acid & Salicylic Acid : Oily & Congested Acne Skin
Acne plagues teenagers and baby boomers. The fluctuating hormones and genetics have a huge role to play when it comes to acne. The use of exfoliants like glycolic acid and salicylic acid, love oil and clear the skin for years to come. Derived from sugar cane, glycolic acid has a very small molecule structure which can easily penetrate through the top layers of the hardened oils, cell debris and trapped bacteria. This acid is great for getting rid of whiteheads and lightning the post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation which have been there from the previous breakouts. It is recommended to use these peels 2-3 weeks apart. You will be able to see results within a month.
On the other hand, Salicylic Acid is a beta hydroxyl acid which is derived from the willow tree. This acid has naturally occurring anti-inflammatory properties. This chemical peel should be opted for especially when you have to combat red and inflamed pimples and papules. It is a great choice for dehydrated, sensitive skin, psoriasis, ingrown hairs and seborrheic dermatitis. If you are allergic to aspirin, then you should avoid this treatment.
Kojic Acid &Mandelic Acid: Aging and Pigmented Skin
Overexposure to sun, smoking, alcohol consumption and an unhealthy lifestyle can cause premature ageing. Kojic Acid, which is a by-product of the fermenting process of the Japanese Sake is known to have an intense impact on the skin by lightening it and inhibits the overproduction of Melanin. Vitamin C which is usually present in this peel helps to decrease the production of free radicals which helps to heal and repair the skin damage done by environmental factors.
Extracted from the bitter almond, Mandelic acid is an aromatic AHA. It has a larger molecule than the other acid which makes it gentler but is effective in treating the fine lines. It is also known to reduce melisma by at least 50% in as little as 4 weeks.
Retinoic acid is an active form of Vitamin A. Also known as Tretinoin, it renews the ageing skin cells to reveal fresh and baby skin. It increases the production of collagen and elastin in the deeper layers of skin. As there is a constant cell turn over, it normalizes the keratin cells and decreases the atypical cells.